With the acquisition of the pilot certification in 2019 and the main certification in 2021, Daegu emerges as a strong smart city
Daegu Metropolitan City acquired the main certification (for metropolitan cities) of the “2021 Smart City Certification,” given by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. After the city’s acquisition of the pilot certification in 2019, this is further recognition that Daegu has become an excellent smart city. A total of 30 local governments applied for the certification, and Daegu, Seoul, and Daejeon were the only three metropolitan cities to receive the smart city certification.
The smart city certification system was established by the South Korean government to certify Korea's representative smart cities at the government level. It evaluates the level of smart cities by comprehensively measuring the performance of a smart city with 63 indicators in terms of 1) innovation, 2) governance and institutional environment, and 3) service and technology.
Smart City Daegu
Daegu was evaluated as having excellent smart capabilities, such as public and private data utilization, and being well equipped with smart technologies and infrastructure, such as intelligent facilities, information and communication networks, and an integrated city operation center.
Since 2016, Daegu has implemented the Daegu Future Vision 2030 strategy (in terms of the innovation category) since 2016 and has been systematically building a smart city. It has solidly established the external and internal organizations by establishing the Smart City Support Center and appointing a smart city master planner (Professor Kim Hyun-duk, Kyungpook National University), followed by the establishment of an organization dedicated to building a smart city. Through this, the city obtained the pilot certification from the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and became the first metropolitan city in Korea to acquire the international standard (ISO37106) for smart cities.
Additionally, other factors that influenced the evaluation include the fact that Daegu was the first local government in the country to receive the IDC* Smart City Asia Pacific Awards three times, and that it established a global network by joining the World Economic Forum’s G20 Global Smart Cities Alliance (G20 GSCA), signing an agreement to participate in the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) project for smart sustainable cities, and participating in the Taipei Smart City Summit.
Moreover, the city received positive reviews for its continuous work with the people to build smart city capabilities through the operation of the Urban Problem Discovery Team and Smart City Citizens Promotion Committee, as well as for its efforts to promote digital transformation of administrative services through the establishment of data utilization policies, and the establishment and operation of the urban big data infrastructure (D-data hub and 3D Urban Space Information System).
In terms of the governance and institution, Daegu is equipped with the smart city creation and operation ordinance, as well as a self-communication network, data-based administration, and big data-related ordinances, which are the basis of a smart city. Based on the law and ordinance on smart cities, Daegu also operates the Smart City Business Council, adding expertise to the promotion of the smart city project.
This year, Daegu received the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport’s approval for the city’s smart city plan, in which it proposed the vision and promotional strategy for transforming Daegu into a smart city in harmony with higher laws, plans, and municipal goals and also based on various opinions from citizens, businesses, and public institutions regarding the city’s policy direction for the smart city project. This will allow Daegu to systematically promote its smart city project for five more years, built on the achievements gained by the Daegu Future Vision 2030 Strategy (2016).
In addition, Daegu has various systems in place that enable citizens to participate online, such as Talk Daegu, Citizens Roundtable, and Ddubot. Through the three rounds of the operation of the Urban Problem Discovery Team, in which the citizens identify urban problems and offer solutions, a total of 161 citizens scientists were produced and 36 problems were identified, several of which have led to actual planning and demonstration.
In terms of the service, technology, and infrastructure, Daegu currently provides advanced services in the transportation sector, including a deep learning, big data-based image analysis and prediction system and a smart parking system. By 2023, the city will establish a smart transportation system by analyzing traffic at intersections (250 locations across Daegu), which will be a representative smart city project in Daegu, with artificial intelligence-based signal control and traffic dispersion, and caution signals for pedestrians.
In the field of safety, Daegu is accumulating AI learning data based on public surveillance cameras, and 5G-based smart city has been pioneered and substantiated for urban safety management and autonomous driving through the Suseong Alpha City testbed.
The automatic meter reading system for water supply, which had been installed in Gachang-myeon, Dalseong-gun, for the first time in the country and has proven its effectiveness, is currently being expanded throughout Daegu in connection with the Internet of Things (IoT) service network. Moreover, Daegu is transforming Gukchaebosang Park into a smart park, establishing a smart arboretum using AR and VR content, and providing smart city services for the disadvantaged, such as intelligent home appliances that detect abnormal symptoms and enable early response in the homes of single-household elderly (over 350 households).
In terms of information and communication networks in Daegu, a seamless smart city communication environment will be created by building a high-speed, medium-speed, and low-speed triple network by 2023. Based on the self-wired network, which is the city’s information and communication highway, Daegu plans to link and develop shared Wi-Fi system, Internet of Things (IoT) self-network, and Internet of Things (IoT) services to greatly expand tangible services for the public.
The Urban Integrated Operation Center plans to continuously expand the testbed throughout Daegu, based on the testbed platform in Suseong Alpha City. Daegu is also building a data hub for data-centric administration, and plans to support data-centric decision-making, optimal citizen services, and corporate businesses through convergence analysis of various data rather than simple collection and linkage.
Unlike major overseas countries and companies that introduced smart city diagnostic indicators and used them to promote policy and public relations, South Korea had no standard evaluation method, which limited the systematic development of smart cities. Using the acquired smart city certification, Daegu plans to actively promote publicity and improve citizen awareness through index-based urban efficiency policies, and furthermore, to connect with and secure national projects.
Daegu Mayor Kwon Young-jin remarked, “Based on the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport’s smart city certification, we plan to manage smart city policies and the overall city administration systematically according to standard indicators, and we will use the accumulating city data to expand services to keep on building Daegu into a sustainable smart city.”