Daegu’s efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emission and address climate change through the 10 Million Tree Project, Green Rooftop Project, and expansion of water-related facilities, and other projects are gradually seeing results.
Daegu has been traditionally known as the hottest city in Korea.
It is still a “city of extreme heat,” but the ratio of tropical nights to heatwave days has been stagnating and actually decreasing since the 2000s. This is a significant feat, contrasted with other metropolitan cities, which have been showing an increase in ratio of the number of tropical nights to the number of heatwave days during the same period.
As for the hottest daily temperature, since the late 2010s, Yeongcheon, Gyeongju, Hongcheon, and Uiseong have recorded the hottest daily temperatures, allowing Daegu to shed the stigma of being the hottest city in Korea.
This can be interpreted as a result of Daegu’s 10 Million Tree Project the city has launched in 1996, as well as the 100 Urban Forest Project, Green Rooftop Project, and the expansion of park and water-related facilities.
Through the 10 Million Tree Project, Daegu has been transformed into a city with 41.36 million trees. Different species of trees absorb different amounts of greenhouse gases, but they play an important role in absorbing carbon,* [KHTC1] with an average 30-year-old pine tree absorbing 6.6 kilograms of carbon a year.
In 2019, the ratio of green coverage* in Daegu rose to 62.4 percent, which is much higher than 51 percent, which is the average ratio of green coverage in Korean metropolitan cities.
※ Ratio of green coverage: the ratio of an area covered with trees, grass, and other greenery (projected crown area) seen from the sky to the total area of the city
In addition, Daegu will be creating parks in areas totaling 5.5 million square meters by starting 20 urban park projects that have been delayed for a long time, as well as three special private urban park projects. This will allow 1.3 million Daegu residents, accounting for over 50 percent of all Daegu residents, to have access to a park within a kilometer of their residences.
In addition, the additional 227 ground-embedded water fountains and water-related facilities for pools that the city has installed are helping to alleviate the urban heat island phenomenon and fine dust problem.
Daegu will establish the 2030 Daegu’s Master Plan for Addressing Climate Change, continuing its reputation as a leader in addressing climate change and boosting its greenhouse gas reduction efforts.
In this master plan, Daegu aims to reduce 30 percent of greenhouse gases (excluding the industrial sector) by 2030, which is higher than the target (reducing 29.5 percent) recommended by the Korean government. Accordingly, Daegu will aim to reduce 3.78 million tons of greenhouse gas emission, releasing only 8.82 million tons of greenhouse gases instead of the projected amount of 12.6 million tons for 2030.
In addition, Daegu plans to expand projects and programs to encourage people to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in their daily lives, such as educational activities to increase the awareness of climate change actions, carbon point system, and eco-friendly apartment complex competitions.